ForschungForschungsprojekte
MPCOAST: MicroPlastic transport processes in the COASTal environment

MPCOAST: MicroPlastic transport processes in the COASTal environment

© LuFI (2020)
Microplastic Transport in the Large Wave Flume
Leitung:  Fuhrman, David R. (PI)
E-Mail:  schlurmann@lufi.uni-hannover.de
Team:  Larsen, Bjarke Eltard (Project Participant); Carstensen, Stefan (Project Participant); Christensen, Erik Damgaard (Project Participant); Nils Kerpen (Project Participant); Torsten Schlurmann (Project Participant)
Jahr:  2020
Datum:  01-07-20
Förderung:  Independent Research Fund Denmark
Laufzeit:  07/2020 - 07/2023

Youtube video produced by The Independent Research Fund Denmark describing the research project MPCOAST

© DTU (2022)
Mobilisation of microplastic by breaking waves

Primary objectives include:

  1. To identify fundamental thresholds for (i) incipient motion conditions and (ii) initiation of suspension for non-buoyant MPs mixed with bottom sediments;
  2. To extend state-of-the-art computational fluid dynamics (CFD) coastal models to newly incorporate specialized particle models for turbulent MP transport, setting a new standard of practice in this area by a wide margin;
  3. To elucidate and quantify key differences in cross-shore (perpendicular to the coastline) transport processes and patterns (erosion, settling, convection, turbulent diffusion, etc.) for buoyant vs. non-buoyant MP, including identification of typical depositional “hotspots” in nearshore regions.

Publications:

  • Kerpen, N. B., Schlurmann, T., Schendel, A., Gundlach, J., Marquard, D., & Hüpgen, M. (2020). Wave-induced distribution of microplastic in the surf zone. Frontiers in Marine Science, 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2020.590565.
  • Hasan Gokhan Guler, Bjarke Eltard Larsen, Oriol Quintana, Koray Deniz Goral, Stefan Carstensen, Erik Damgaard Christensen, Nils B. Kerpen, Torsten Schlurmann, David R. Fuhrman, Experimental study of non-buoyant microplastic transport beneath breaking irregular waves on a live sediment bed, Marine Pollution Bulletin, Volume 181, 2022, 113902, ISSN 0025-326X, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2022.113902.
  • Bjarke EltardLarsen, Mustafa Ali AbdullahAl-Obaidi, Hasan GokhanGuler, StefanCarstensen, Koray DenizGoral, Erik DamgaardChristensen, Nils B.Kerpen, TorstenSchlurmann, David R.Fuhrman, Experimental investigation on the nearshore transport of buoyant microplastic particles, Marine Pollution Bulletin, Volume 187, 2023, 114610, ISSN 0025-326X, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2023.114610.